Written by Sanskrit Shlokas on 19 February 2018
Like the crest of the peacock, like the gem on the head of a snake, so is mathematics at the head of all knowledge.
Vedanga Jyotisha explains the importance of Mathematics among the sciences.
If we remove infinity from infinity what remains is still infinity
Where does Mathematics come in here, you may ask. Well what is the only known number which will produce itself as the result on subtracting itself from its value? Zero!!
This talks about zero and its application in Mathematics and how it's symbol is utilised.
This shloka relates to it perfectly.
A rope stretched along the length of the `diagonal of a rectangle
produces an area which the vertical and horizontal sides make together.
This is taken from Sulabha Sutra by Baudhayana. This particular idea came to be known later as Pythagorean Theorem.
Oh! Agni (fire) let these bricks be milk-giving cows to me. There are (eka) 1, (desa) 10, (satam) 102102 (sahasram) 103103, (ayutma) 104104, (niyutam) 105105, (prayutam) 106106, (arbudam) 107,107,(nyarbudam) 108108, (antyam) 109109, (madhyam) 10^10, (paradham) 10^11, bricks. Let these be milch kines in this world and the other world too.
Excerpts from a hymn of Shukla Yajurveda, these verses indicate that the ancient Indians knew calculations of numbers upto 10 to the power of 11 and had even specific names for the decimal places.